During the First World War, Canadian factories ran at full capacity, serving the war effort. Between March 1916 and November 1917, a total of 800 men and women worked at the Energite Explosives Company’s plant no. 3 in Renfrew, Ontario, manufacturing artillery shells for the Imperial Munitions Board, in England.

The CCA Collection includes an album of 82 photographs that the company commissioned from the studio of Mather & McDonald, showing the workers involved in various stages of artillery-shell production. Portraits of the factory managers, buildings, and facilities complete the work’s comprehensive look at the factory’s operations. The album was probably intended to commemorate the company’s contribution to the war effort.


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