First, the Forests
Forestry can be considered an activity that creates highly designed environments with unprecedented scale, ambition and precision through apparently abstract systems. It is the disciplining of natural environments to the logic of artificial organizations.
There are four productive and culturally specific modes of managing forests: bureaucratic forestry, scientific forestry, tropical forestry and economic forestry. Each of these corresponds to specific geographies and phases in the evolution of modern forestry, from 16th century lists of forests and their owners in the republic of Venice, to architectural experiments in 1960s America.