Gardiner & Thornton architects fonds
Gardiner & Thornton, architects is a Vancouver-based architecture firm that was founded in 1940 by architects, Frank George Gardiner (1878-1966) and Peter Muschamp Thornton (1916-1996).
Born in Bristol, England, Frank Gardiner moved to Canada in 1909. In 1911, Gardiner established a private architecture practice in New Westminster, British Columbia. From 1924-1940, he worked in partnership with architects Andrew Mercer and William F. Gardiner, before establishing the office of Gardiner & Thornton, architects.
Peter Thornton was born in Edmonton, Alberta; from 1933-1938, Thornton studied at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London, England. In 1939, he moved to Vancouver, British Columbia where he briefly worked for architect C.B.K. Van Norman, before partnering with Gardiner in the spring of 1940. From 1941-1945, Thornton served in the Royal Canadian Navy. Following his return from service, Thornton joined the practice once again as a chief design architect; the firm was renamed Gardiner Thornton & Partners, architects (1945-1954).
Subsequently, the practice underwent several title and partnership changes. In 1954, Asbjorn Gathé was made a partner of Gardiner Thornton Gathé & Associates, architects. From 1966-1974, the firm operated as Gardiner Thornton Davidson Garrett Masson and Associates, architects, which included principals Ian J. Davidson, Brian C. Masson and R. Michael Garrett. In 1974, the practice was renamed Gardiner, Thornton Partnership, Architects and Planners. In 1989, the firm merged with two younger firms, Poon Gardner Architects and Robert Billington Architect, and re-established as Poon Gardner Garrett Architects & Planners.
Gardiner & Thornton, architects have received several awards throughout the years – two Massey Medals (1955; 1958) for the Medical/Architectural Office building in Vancouver and the St. Anthony’s Church in Agassiz, a Federal Award for Excellence (1965) for the Indian Residential School in Mission, two Canadian Housing Design Council Centennial Awards (1967) for the Housing in Point Grey and the Alpine Village # 1 in Whistler Mountain, and a Federal Department of Trade & Industry Award of Merit (1972) for the Crestwood Dental Building in Richmond.
Other well-known British Columbia projects completed by Gardiner & Thornton include the Gardiner and Thornton Office I (1948), the Guardian Angels Roman Catholic Church (1949), the Eddie Larsen House (1949), the Lord Byng High School addition (1949-50), Princess Margaret Secondary School (1950), the Burnaby General Hospital (1951), Westminster Abbey (1952), the Gardiner Thornton Gathé and Associates Office (1955) and the University of British Columbia’s St. Mark's College (1958). The firm’s successful design and construction of a Roman Catholic Church (1954) in Calgary, Alberta allowed for the firm to branch out of British Columbia, subsequently leading to commissions in Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and the Yukon. Gardiner & Thornton, architects have also completed commissions in the United States, Mexico, England, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and New Zealand.
Vancouver British Columbia Canada
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