How to: do no harm

Josef Hoffman, Fabrik. Toy containing one set of building blocks, ca. 1920

Every building is a gaping hole of materials ripped out of the Earth, the cause of poisoned waters and destroyed habitats. Every building is a giant exhale of CO2. Every building is a body-wrenching machine, first demanding the labour of architectural and construction workers and then cleaners and maintenance staff. Every building holds the promise of gentrification and displacement, of eviction and foreclosure, of the bonds of debt and mortgage, and of perpetuating oppression. Every building intrudes on human and nonhuman lives. Every building prevents the existence of other things—either for a while or forever.

These painful truths are emerging more clearly in the architecture profession as part of an intensifying desire, most acute among younger generations and critical practitioners, to respond to the shame of intertwined social and spatial catastrophes. To do no harm.

But the solutionist instinct of the profession is strong; from care work to remediation schemes and from reuse strategies to expensive techno-fixes, comforting conversations are abundant. While some seek solace in 3D printed algae, hyper-connected net-zero homes, carbon offsets, or complete solar-powered cities, others see salvation in diversity and inclusion working groups, re-naming colonial streets, or community consultations. But despite many urges toward a more responsible architecture, the industry pursues its destructive enterprise, now often wrapped in cloaks of sustainability and care. In his “Oath for Architects and Planners” Pakistani practitioner Arif Hasan spells it out: “I will not do projects that will irreparably damage the ecology (…) I will not do projects that increase poverty, dislocate people (…) I will not do projects that destroy multi-class public space (…).“ His words hold the promise of an ethical practice of architecture. One that limits the damage. One that does no harm. But is this even possible?

Over three (intense) weeks both online and in Montréal, residency participants will interview architects, activists, scientists, and critical thinkers whose practices suggest new ethical engagements with the harm at the heart of the architecture. The residency will ask: can there be construction without harm? How much damage is worth participating in? What is “worth it” and who decides? Is there any way out?

We will produce an online publication, an illustrated diary of an architect in ethical crisis who is judging between contemporary strategies to separate what’s promising from what’s just cheating. An honest search for ways forward without knowing precisely where they may lead.


Amélie de Bonnières (Cape Town, South Africa)
Bailey Morgan Brown Mitchell (Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA)
Loránd Mittay (Berlin, Germany)
Mariana Meneguetti (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
Marianna Janowicz (London, United Kingdom)
Samarth Vachhrajani (New Haven, Connecticut, USA)
Sophie Weston Chien (Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA)
Swati Janu (Delhi, India)

Since 2018, the CCA’s annual “How to” residency has produced interventions in para-architectural activities like publishing (How to: not make an architecture magazine), curation (How to: disturb the public), and awards (How to: reward and punish). The residency was conceived as a platform for rapid tool-making in response to specific opportunities and needs, and in 2022 it began a new three-year cycle focused on accelerating changes in architectural practice, beginning with architect hybrids (How to: not become a developer).

“How to: do no harm” is curated by Lev Bratishenko, CCA Curator, Public, and Charlotte Malterre-Barthes, Assistant Professor of Urban Design, Harvard GSD.


Sign up to get news from us

Email address
First name
Last name
By signing up you agree to receive our newsletter and communications about CCA activities. You can unsubscribe at any time. For more information, consult our privacy policy or contact us.

Thank you for signing up. You'll begin to receive emails from us shortly.

We’re not able to update your preferences at the moment. Please try again later.

You’ve already subscribed with this email address. If you’d like to subscribe with another, please try again.

This email was permanently deleted from our database. If you’d like to resubscribe with this email, please contact us

Please complete the form below to buy:
[Title of the book, authors]
ISBN: [ISBN of the book]
Price [Price of book]

First name
Last name
Address (line 1)
Address (line 2) (optional)
Postal code
Email address
Phone (day) (optional)

Thank you for placing an order. We will contact you shortly.

We’re not able to process your request at the moment. Please try again later.

Folder ()

Your folder is empty.

Please complete this form to make a request for consultation. A copy of this list will also be forwarded to you.

Your contact information
First name:
Last name:
Phone number:
Notes (optional):
We will contact you to set up an appointment. Please keep in mind that your consultation date will be based on the type of material you wish to study. To prepare your visit, we'll need:
  • — At least 2 weeks for primary sources (prints and drawings, photographs, archival documents, etc.)
  • — At least 48 hours for secondary sources (books, periodicals, vertical files, etc.)