Charbonneau et Charbonneau architectes fonds
The Charbonneau et Charbonneau architectes fonds, 1907-1981, documents the built projects of Québec architectural firm Charbonneau et Charbonneau, architectes. The 145 projects that are represented in this fonds are divided, specifically, by the works of Audet et Charbonneau, architectes (1913-1917); René Charbonneau, architecte (1918-1945); Charbonneau et Charbonneau, architectes (1945-1969); and Gérard Charbonneau, architecte (1969-1979). These built projects vary in scope and size and include residences, schools, churches, commercial, industrial and government buildings in the Montréal area and various regions in Québec, such as Joliette and Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu. The largest portion of the archive encompasses 2062 drawings, which correspond to projects designed by Charbonneau et Charbonneau, architectes.
This fonds mainly comprises of drawings, consisting of site surveys, sketches, preliminary design, working, consultant, detail, mechanical and presentation drawings.
Textual documents include René Charbonneau’s budget book (1928-1941) and his certificate of admittance to the Association des architectes de la Province de Québec (1907). Specification notebooks, construction instructions, meeting minutes, and professional correspondence are also included in this fonds.
This fonds has been arranged into 5 series. The series are as follows:
Series Architectural projects of Audet and Charbonneau, Architects (1913-1917)
Series René Charbonneau, Architect (1918-1945)
Subseries Personal and Administrative Documents
Subseries Architectural projects
Series Architectural projects of René and Gérard Charbonneau, Architects (1945-1969)
Series Architectural projects of Gérard Charbonneau, Architect (1969-1979)
Series Architectural projects not dated (2 unidentified projects and 1 by Louis-Napoléon Audet)
René Charbonneau (1881-1969) was born in Montréal, Québec. In 1900, Charbonneau graduated from the Business College and began his career in architecture as a draftsman for the Montréal architect, Joseph Sawyer. After joining the Association des architectes de la Province de Québec in 1907, Charbonneau founded his own architecture firm, which he operated independently from 1909-1912.
In 1913, Charbonneau partnered with Louis-Napoléon Audet (1881-1971) to form the practice, Audet et Charbonneau. Audet et Charbonneau produced a number of important residences and schools in Montréal, Outremont and Westmount – these projects include the Residence Alex Brillon, Outremont (1913); the Bernard Apartments, Outremont (1914); and the École Notre-Dame de Grâces, Montréal (1917). Charbonneau and Audet’s partnership dissolved in 1917, when Audet left the agency to establish an independent firm in Sherbrooke.
From 1918-1945, Charbonneau worked independently under the name René Charbonneau, architecte. Some of Charbonneau’s most well-known built projects were designed during these years, particularly in the Outremont area. These projects include the Montclare Apartments (1922), the Montlaurier et Montfort Apartments (1924) and the Vimy Apartments (1924). Charbonneau also took part in several noteworthy collaborations. In Montréal, he collaborated with architect Ludger Lemieux for the realization of the St. Zotique Church (1925). Charbonneau worked with painter and decorator Emmanuel Briffa to design the Outremont Theatre (1928) and the Theatre of the Confederation Amusements Ltd (1931).
In 1945, Charbonneau partnered with his son, Gérard Charbonneau (1907-1999); together, they established the firm Charbonneau et Charbonneau, architectes. Gérard Charbonneau was an architecture graduate from the École des Beaux-Arts de Montréal (1935) and was a member of the Association des architectes de la Province de Québec (1936).
Due to a high number of commissions coming from outside of the Montréal area, Charbonneau et Charbonneau opened two additional consulting offices in Joliette and Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu. Active between 1945 to 1969, Charbonneau & Charbonneau’s most well-known projects comprise of the Maison Champagneur, Joliette (1947); the Juvenat Saint-Joseph de l'Institut des Frères Maristes, Laval (1947); the Église Sainte-Thérèse, Joliette (1952); the Théâtre Montrose, Montréal (1953); the expansion of the Collège Marie-de-France, Montréal (1954); the Hôtel de Ville, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (1956); the expansion of the École secondaire Marie-Reine, Montréal (1960); and the École Saint-Patrick, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (1961).
When his father passed away in 1969, Gérard Charbonneau maintained the practice under the name Gérard Charbonneau, architecte. In 1983, Gérard re-established the firm with his son Roger Charbonneau (1942-2008).
The Charbonneau et Charbonneau architectes fonds was donated to the Canadian Centre for Architecture on December 23, 1993 by Gérard Charbonneau. A subsequent addition was made in 1999.
Montréal Island of Montréal Québec Canada
When citing the collection as a whole, use the following citation:
Charbonneau et Charbonneau architectes fonds
Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/
Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal
When citing specific collection material, please refer to the object’s specific credit line.
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