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Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records

Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records

Part of

People

  • Ulrich Königs (archive creator)
  • Ulrich Königs (architect)
  • Peter Kulka (architect)
  • Cecil Balmond (engineer)
  • Arup Group Ltd. (engineering firm)

Title

Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records

Dates of creation

1995-1996

Form

  • archives

Level of archival description

Fonds

Extent and Medium

  • 1,288 digital files (2 GB); 38 slides; 8 photographs; 1 book

Scope and Content

The Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records, 1995-1996, document the competition entry and design for an innovative stadium in Chemnitz, Germany. The project was a collaboration between Peter Kulka, Ulrich Königs, Cecil Balmond, and Arup Group, Ltd.

The City of Chemnitz applied to host the European Athletic Championship in 2002, and ran a contest for the design of their new stadium. Peter Kulka, with the support of Ulrich Königs (Königs Architekten) and Cecil Balmond (Arup Group, Ltd.), won the competition with their design which integrated the stadium into the surrounding nature by imitating hills, trees, and clouds. Ultimately, the City of Chemnitz was not chosen to host the championship, and the project was unrealized.

The project was shaped by a transition from analogue techniques to a digital method. Kulka and Königs developed the design through hand sketches, which Balmond later translated into a digital 3D model. The design was primarily driven by the theoretical and methodological processes made possible by computer-aided design, rather than aesthetics. The form was a result of these processes, rather than a starting point for design.

The stadium consists of four formal elements: the lower stands, the upper stands, a series of columns, and a translucent roof. A Silicon Graphics computer and Alias|Wavefront animation software allowed visual interactions between the elements to be defined and structural conditions to be tested.

The project records have both digital and physical components, which chiefly include renderings, wireframe drawings, digital 3D models, photographs, slides, video, and a booklet. Notably, the records contain a number of Alias pix images, largely renderings cut together into an animation of the stadium. A video of these Alias pix image renderings is included in the records. Other materials of note include a printed book, which contains an illustrated description of the project.

Reference Number

AP183

Physical Description

This fonds contains a large number of born-digital files in CAD formats. These are largely files created in Alias, and include wireframe models, pix images, and scene description language files. The wireframe models can be opened in Alias modeling software, including Autodesk Alias Automotive, Autodesk Alias Design, and Autodesk Alias Surface. Alias pix images can be used with the program FCheck, which is typically packaged with the Autodesk suite. Preservation copies of the pix images are also available in TIF and GIF formats. All of this software is available on CCA’s dedicated Study Room CAD workstation. For further information about services and software available for interacting with obsolete or niche file formats, please contact Collection Reference (reference@cca.qc.ca) and ask to speak with the Digital Archivist. There are several minor technical issues with the Alias pix files. One Alias pix image (final.695) appears to be corrupted and could not be fully recovered. There are also two unexpectedly large files (mo_1.0 and mo_2.0). It appears that they are large, high resolution Alias pix images, but it is possible that there is additional functionality that was not discovered at the time of processing.

Arrangement

This fonds is arranged at the file-level. For digital materials, folders were created from the major directories and subdirectories, approximately reflecting received order. Physical materials are grouped by format.

Biographical notes

Ulrich Königs is a principal and founding member of the firm Königs Architekten in Cologne, Germany. He is also a professor of construction and design at the University of Wuppertal.

Königs has diplomas in architecture from RWTH Aachen (1991) and the Architectural Association, London (1995). From 1991-1993, he worked in the office of architect Peter Kulka in Cologne and Dresden. In 1996, he and his wife, Ilse Marie Königs, established the firm Königs Architekten, which focuses on the design and planning construction of new sites in public space.

The firm is perhaps best known for its award-winning design of a church and seminary at Pfarrzentrum in Cologne (2004). Another notable project is Chemnitz Stadium (1997), an unbuilt sports stadium that was an early example of algorithmic architectural computer-aided design.

Conditions governing access

  • Open for use by qualified researchers. Access by appointment only.

Conditions governing reproduction

  • For copyright information or permission to reproduce material from the fonds, please contact the CCA (reproductions@cca.qc.ca).

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

  • Gift of Ulrich Koenigs, 11 January 2016.

Custodial history

Physical materials in this archive were kept by Ulrich Königs at his office in Aachen, Germany prior to their transfer to CCA. The digital animated walkthrough video had also been kept by Königs and was sent to CCA as an attachment to an email.

The other digital files in the archive were on three DAT tapes in the possession of project collaborator Ron Martin in Frankfurt, Germany. Martin sent the physical tapes to CCA. Files on the tapes were then extracted by an external vendor hired by CCA and ingested into CCA’s digital repository.

These records were acquired by CCA as part of the Archaeology of the Digital project. Selected items were displayed in the show Archaeology of the Digital: Complexity and Convention, May-October 2016.

Archivist's note

  • A single-level record for this archive was created by Digital Archivist Tim Walsh in July 2016. Processing and description was completed by Digital Processing Archivist Stefana Breitwieser in October 2017.

Credit line

When citing the collection as a whole, use the citation:
Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records,
Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/
Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal;
When citing specific collection material, please refer to the object’s specific credit line.

Language of material

German

Other finding aids

  • Ulrich Königs sent an inventory of the physical materials at the time of accession. A scanned copy is available in the collection documentation folder.

Related units of description

  • As part of the Archeology of the Digital series of exhibitions, interviews were conducted with the related architects and published in an ePub format: Königs, Ulrich, and Greg Lynn. Archeology of the Digital 15: Ulrich Königs and Greg Lynn discuss Chemnitz Stadium. Montreal: Canadian Centre for Architecture, 2016. Additional resources at CCA include: Balmond, Cecil, and Greg Lynn. Cloud and Forest. Montreal: Centre for Canadian Architecture, 2016. Kulka, Peter with Ulirch Königs Konstruction and Arup & Partners. Sportsstadion Chemnitz: 2002. Berlin: Aedes, 1996.

Inventory

Sort by: 

  • Actions:
    See more Close
    • Reference Number: AP183.001
    • Title: Presentation video for Chemnitz Stadium
    • Dates of creation: circa 1996
    • Form: born digital
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Ulrich Königs (archive creator)

    Description:

    This directory contains a video presentation on Chemnitz Stadium. It features a video rendering of the stadium, which includes an animated version of the renderings in AP183.002. Most common file formats: MPEG-4 Media File.

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 1 digital file (188 MB)

    Credit line:

    Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records,
    Collection Centre Canadien d’Architecture/
    Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal;
    Don de Ulrich Königs/
    Gift of Ulrich Königs

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP183.002
    • Title: Renderings of Chemnitz Stadium
    • Dates of creation: 15 October 1995 - 17 October 1995
    • Form: born digital, drawings
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Ulrich Königs (archive creator)

    Description:

    This directory contains 1144 still image renderings of Chemnitz Stadium. These renderings were cut together into a video in AP183.001. Original directory name: "final1-pix". Most common file formats: Alias Pix Image File, Alias Scene Description Language.

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 1144 digital files (1 GB)

    Physical Description:

    Fcheck plays back these files back as still images or animations, depending on the selected settings. Preservation copies (TIFs) were made of the still images, and the animations were forward-migrated as GIFs to replicate the original experience of the files.

    Credit line:

    Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records,
    Collection Centre Canadien d’Architecture/
    Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal;
    Don de Ulrich Königs/
    Gift of Ulrich Königs

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP183.002.FM
    • Title: Animated renderings of Chemnitz Stadium
    • Dates of creation: 15 October 1995 - 17 October 1995
    • Form: drawings, born digital
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Ulrich Königs (archive creator)

    Description:

    This directory contains 6 GIFs of the renderings contained in AP183.002. In Fcheck, the original renderings played as an animation; however, still image TIFs were the only available preservation format during export. GIFs were created at the time of processing to best recreate the original experience and use of the files. Most common file formats: Graphics Interchange Format.

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 6 digital files (74 MB)

    Credit line:

    Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records,
    Collection Centre Canadien d’Architecture/
    Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal;
    Don de Ulrich Königs/
    Gift of Ulrich Königs

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP183.003
    • Title: High-resolution renderings of Chemnitz Stadium
    • Dates of creation: 7 February 1996
    • Form: born digital, drawings
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Ulrich Königs (archive creator)

    Description:

    Original directory name: "Out". Most common file formats: Alias Pix Image File.

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 2 digital files (89 MB)

    Physical Description:

    The file size for these Alias Pix images is unexpectedly large. At the time of processing, it was determined that this is likely due to the fact that they are high-resolution images, based on corresponding TGA image files in AP183.005. However, it is possible that these files have additional functionality that has not yet been discovered.

    Credit line:

    Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records,
    Collection Centre Canadien d’Architecture/
    Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal;
    Don de Ulrich Königs/
    Gift of Ulrich Königs

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP183.004
    • Title: Wireframe drawings of Chemnitz Stadium
    • Dates of creation: 12 January 1996 - 7 February 1996
    • Form: drawings, born digital
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Ulrich Königs (archive creator)

    Description:

    This directory includes three wireframe drawings of Chemnitz Stadium, as well as two icons of these drawings. Original directory name: "wire". Most common file formats: Alias Wire model, Alias Pix Image File.

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 5 digital files (10 MB)

    Credit line:

    Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records,
    Collection Centre Canadien d’Architecture/
    Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal;
    Don de Ulrich Königs/
    Gift of Ulrich Königs

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP183.005
    • Title: Details of wireframe and 3D models of Chemnitz Stadium
    • Dates of creation: 6 February 1996 - 7 February 1996
    • Form: born digital, drawings
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Ulrich Königs (archive creator)

    Description:

    This directory contains Alias Pix images and TGA files of details from the wireframe drawings, 3D models, and renderings of Chemnitz Stadium. This includes two high-resolution TGA files, made from the Alias Pix images in AP183.003. Original directory name: "pix". Most common file formats: Alias Pix Image File, Truevision TGA Bitmap, Unidentified.

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 130 digital files (151 MB)

    Credit line:

    Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records,
    Collection Centre Canadien d’Architecture/
    Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal;
    Don de Ulrich Königs/
    Gift of Ulrich Königs

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP183.006
    • Title: Alias Scene Description Language files for Chemnitz Stadium
    • Dates of creation: 6 February 1996 - 7 February 1996
    • Form: born digital
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Ulrich Königs (archive creator)

    Description:

    Original directory name: "sdl". Most common file formats: Alias Scene Description Language, Plain Text File.

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 6 digital files (8 MB)

    Credit line:

    Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records,
    Collection Centre Canadien d’Architecture/
    Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal;
    Don de Ulrich Königs/
    Gift of Ulrich Königs

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP183.007
    • Title: Slides of drawings and models of Chemnitz Stadium
    • Dates of creation: circa 1996
    • Form: photographs
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Ulrich Königs (archive creator)

    Description:

    This file includes presentation slides of the physical 3D model, hand drawings, and digital 3D models.

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 38 slides

    Credit line:

    Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records,
    Collection Centre Canadien d’Architecture/
    Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal;
    Don de Ulrich Königs/
    Gift of Ulrich Königs

    Related units of description:

    • Königs individually numbered the slides and provided more detailed information about each one. See the collection documentation for the inventory.
  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP183.008
    • Title: Annotated presentation book for Chemnitz Stadium
    • Dates of creation: circa 1996
    • Form: books
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Ulrich Königs (archive creator)

    Description:

    This file contains a book of presentation materials for Chemnitz Stadium, annotated by Königs.

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 1 book

    Credit line:

    Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records,
    Collection Centre Canadien d’Architecture/
    Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal;
    Don de Ulrich Königs/
    Gift of Ulrich Königs

    Related units of description:

    • Königs added annotations to the book using sticky notes. Due to conservation concerns, the sticky notes were removed. Scans of the pages with the sticky notes in place are located in the collection documentation.
  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP183.009
    • Title: Screenshot images of wireframe drawings, video stills, and renderings for Chemnitz Stadium
    • Dates of creation: circa 1996
    • Form: photographs
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Ulrich Königs (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 8 photographs

    Credit line:

    Ulrich Königs Chemnitz Stadium project records,
    Collection Centre Canadien d’Architecture/
    Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal;
    Don de Ulrich Königs/
    Gift of Ulrich Königs

    Related units of description:

    • Königs individually numbered the slides and provided more detailed information about each one. See the collection documentation for the inventory.
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