Fonds Maxwell Levinson
The fonds illustrates primarily the activities of Maxwell Levinson as editor of T-Square Club Journal, T-Square, Shelter and USA Tomorrow. It documents the various aspects of the publication of these magazines. It includes editorial, production and promotional material as well as documentation and research files. The fonds also contains records pertaining to the professional practice of Maxwell Levinson as architect and city planning consultant.
The fonds includes correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, books, news clippings, brochures, trade catalogues and drawings. Most of the fonds consists of editorial, production and promotional material for the magazines. The documents cover the period from 1926 to 1990.
The documents are classified into three series, in accordance with their original arrangement:
1. T-Square and Shelter records
2. USA Tomorrow records
3. Professional records
The inventory describes files and other documents within the series and subseries of the fonds. The files are arranged alphabetically and the periodicals and books are arranged chronologically.
Philadelphia, United States, 8 February 1912 -
Maxwell Levinson was born on February 8, 1912, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in architecture from the University of Pennsylvania in 1932 and a Bachelor of Science degree in architectural engineering from the New York University in 1936. He also studied at the New York School for Social Research in 1942 and the Beaux Arts Institute of Design.
Following his graduation in 1932, he worked as senior architects aid for the Department of City Transit of Philadelphia. He was the housing economist for the Pennsylvania State Planning Board for two years and, in 1935, he became the head of Land Planning for the City Planning Commission of Philadelphia. In 1937, he was named chief engineer and architect for the Twentieth Century Building Co. of Detroit. From 1944 to 1949, he was architect and designer for Raymond Loewy Associates, in charge of city planning studies in the downtown area of St. Paul, Minnesota. He became the assistant city architect for the City of Philadelphia, from 1949 to 1953.
Maxwell Levinson has published journals and magazines dealing with architecture, housing, urban renewal and city planning. He was the editor of T-Square Club Journal (1930-1931), the official organ of the T-Square Club of Philadelphia, which became
T-Square (1932). He left the Philadelphia club taking the journal with him, changed its name to Shelter (1932), and continued publishing it for a year more. In 1938, he published the new Shelter (1938-1939), with Richard J. Neutra as his associate editor and some contributing editors including Frank Lloyd Wright, Walter Gropius and Richard Buckminster Fuller. In 1953, he became editor of USA Tomorrow magazine.
In the course of his career, he has been a consultant in housing and city planning for communities and cities in United States and in Canada. He has also worked for architectural, engineering and city planning firms.
Maxwell Levinson was a member of several professional associations, notably the American Society of Planning Officials, the National Association of Housing and Redevelopment Officials, the National Institute of Architectural Education, and the American Society of Military Engineers.
The documents in the archive are in English.
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