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Linear city, Chandigarh, India (circa 1975-1987)

Linear city, Chandigarh, India (circa 1975-1987)

Part of

People

  • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

Title

Linear city, Chandigarh, India (circa 1975-1987)

Dates of creation

circa 1975-2003

Level of archival description

Project

Extent and Medium

  • 134 drawings (including reprographic copies)
  • 40 photographic materials
  • 0.01 l.m. of textual records

Scope and Content

This project series documents Aditya Prakash's proposal for an alternative plan for Chandigarh, India, which came to be known as the Linear City. Prakash began developing and advocating for this idea around the early 1970s.

The Linear City had two fundamental ideas at its core. The first was to raise the roadways in Chandigarh (or any future city) 10-12 feet from ground level. This, he proposed, would separate vehicular traffic from pedestrians, eliminating all the hazardous impacts of traffic on daily life. The large part of the drawings for this project show sector plans and city blocks with evenly dispersed roundabout roadways as major transit hubs, wrapping around but high above centres of pedestrian activity that included shops, markets and green spaces. The sale of the land below the roadways would pay for the upheaval. He also recommended building this city only a few sectors deep, but endlessly expanding it length-wise, with a raised canal along one side to provide an additional transpiration network and irrigation. The second fundamental idea of this city was the creation of self-sustaining sectors in the city plan, advocating that each neighbourhood should have the infrastructure to provide food and recycling for its residents. He fervently argued for the reimagination of modernist Chandigarh by incorporating sustainable, local traditions - the rural should exist in harmony with the urban. In opposition to Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, he believed areas for recycling, animal husbandry, and growing food should be incorporated into the fabric of the city.[1]

This project is recorded largely through original drawings of city plans, perspectives and axonometric views detailing Prakash's new vision for the city. It seems that many of the perspectives were drawn by family friend Sandeep Virmani, after listening to Prakash's ideas.[2] The project is also recorded through photographs, negatives and slides showing plans and the project model. A small amount of notes and an article on the project are also included.

[1]Vikramaditya Prakash, One Continuous Line: Art, Architecture and Urbanism of Aditya Prakash (Ahmedabad, India: Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd., 2019), 164-181.

[2]Prakash, One Continuous Line, 169.

Reference Number

AP206.S1.1975.PR01

Arrangement

Materials in this project series were arranged by material type.

Location

Chandigarh India

Inventory

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  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.001
    • Title: Plans, perspectives and axonometric views of city blocks, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: circa 1975-1987
    • Form: drawings
    • Catalogued items within this file 3

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 35 drawings

    Dimensions:

    Sheet (smallest): 68 x 46 cm Sheet (largest): 100 x 76 cm

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-018-07

    Objects that have been catalogued:

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.002
    • Title: Perspective and axonometric views of city blocks, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: circa 1975-1987
    • Form: drawings
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 10 drawings

    Dimensions:

    Sheet: 77 x 51 cm

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-017-06

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.003
    • Title: Plans, perspectives and axonometric view of city blocks, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: circa 1975-1987
    • Form: drawings
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 6 drawings

    Dimensions:

    Sheet (smallest): 34 x 26 cm Sheet (largest): 72 x 57 cm

    Physical Description:

    These drawings are badly torn. Extra vigilance is required when handling.

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-017-07

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.004
    • Title: Plans, section and perspective, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: circa 1975-1987
    • Form: drawings
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 16 drawings

    Dimensions:

    Sheet (smallest): 38 x 26 cm Sheet (largest): 101 x 79 cm

    Physical Description:

    Some drawings are badly torn. Extra vigilance is required when handling.

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-021-01

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.005
    • Title: Concept plans of sector incorporating new ideas of traffic, recycling and production, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: circa 1975-1987
    • Form: drawings
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 5 reprographic copies, 2 with annotations

    Dimensions:

    Sheet (smallest): 101 x 57 cm Sheet (largest): 88 x 72 cm

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-021-02

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.006
    • Title: Plans of city blocks and housing block perspective, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: circa 1975-1987
    • Form: drawings
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 2 reprographic copies with annotations
    • 1 drawing

    Dimensions:

    Sheet (smallest): 114 x 101 cm Sheet (largest): 115 x 115 cm

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.007
    • Title: Concept, city and sector plans, and perspectives, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: circa 1975-1987
    • Form: drawings
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Description:

    This file includes overhead transparencies that may have been used for teaching or presentations.

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 18 drawings (including reprographic copies)

    Dimensions:

    Sheet: 28 x 22 cm

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-034-14

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.008
    • Title: Road plans showing typical crossings of various road types, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: circa 1975-1987
    • Form: drawings
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 8 drawings

    Dimensions:

    Sheet: 33 x 25 cm

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-033-05

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.009
    • Title: Plans showing system of linear urban growth, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: 1986
    • Form: drawings
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 2 reprographic copies

    Dimensions:

    Sheet: 28 x 22 cm

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-034-15

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.010
    • Title: Maps, plans, sections, perspectives, notes and article on project, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: 1986-2003
    • Form: drawings, textual records
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Description:

    This file includes overhead transparencies that may have been used for teaching or presentations.

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 29 drawings (including reprographic copies)
    • 0.01 l.m. of textual records

    Dimensions:

    Sheet (smallest): 28 x 22 cm Sheet (largest): 38 x 23 cm

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-033-07

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.011
    • Title: City zone plans, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: circa 1975-1987
    • Form: drawings
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 2 reprographic copies

    Dimensions:

    Sheet: 19 x 10 cm

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-034-16

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.012
    • Title: Photographs of project model, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: circa 1975-1987
    • Form: photographs
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 7 photographs

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-034-17

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.013
    • Title: Negatives of plans, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: circa 1975-1987
    • Form: photographs
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 3 35mm negative strips

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-034-18

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.014
    • Title: Slides of project model, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: circa 1975-1987
    • Form: photographs
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 22 slides

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-027-01

  • Actions:
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    • Reference Number: AP206.S1.1975.PR01.015
    • Title: Photographs of plans and axonometric drawings, Linear city, Chandigarh, India
    • Dates of creation: circa 1975-1987
    • Form: photographs
    • Catalogued items within this file 0

    People:

    • Aditya Prakash (archive creator)

    Quantity / Object type:

    1 File

    Extent and Medium:

    • 8 photographs

    Credit line:

    Aditya Prakash fonds Collection Centre Canadien d'Architecture/ Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montréal; Don de Leah C. Martin et Vikramaditya Prakash / Gift of Leah C. Martin and Vikramaditya Prakash

    Folder Number:

    206-041-001

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